From the 4 (IV) to the minor 4 (iv)
Last time we had an introduction to the minor 4 chord (iv), now lets take a look at where the Beatles use it in their own songs. First a couple in the key of A
In My Life – verse I, V, IV, iv, I
There are A places E I remember all my D life Dm though A some have changed
You Won’t See Me – verse I, I7, IV, iv, I
A we have A7 lost the D time that Dm was hard to A find
I Call Your Name is in the key of E and the end of the verse goes II, IV, iv, I
I never F#7 weep at night A I Am call your name E7
When I’m Sixty Four is in C – verse I, I7, IV, iv, I,
C If I ‘d been out till quarter to three C7 would you lock the F door
Will you still Fm need me C will you still…
(Though they sound nothing like each other the sequence in When I'm Sixty Four is exactly the same as You Won’t See Me)
Hello Goodbye is also in C – Chorus IV, iv, I
I don’t know F why you say good - Fm/Ab – bye I say hel—C – lo
(Notice the iv here is in the first inversion, with the Ab in the bass rather than the F. It’s still the minor 4 though).
Lastly Blackbird is in G – verse IV, iv, I
All you C life Cm G/B you were only waiting for this moment
(Almost all McCartney songs! Hmmm….)
There are a few other songs that hint at this change – the chord pops up in Dear Prudence’s main guitar pattern, as a passing chord in Her Majesty (thought it may be a mistake) and on the ‘unreleased’ What’s The New Mary Jane?
They used it. So can You!
This progression has cropped up a lot post-Beatles too. Oasis used it (surprised? – me neither) in Don’t Look Back In Anger
F so I start a revo Fm lution in my C head
Cos you F said the brains I Fm had went to my C head
And Green Day’s - Wake Me Up When September Ends is another example.
C wake me up Cm when September G ends
Next time we’ll look at songs where the Beatles use the minor 4 (iv) alongside the minor 6 (vi).
2: Major 4 to minor 4
3: Minor 6 to minor 4
4: Minor 2 to minor 4
5: 1 to minor 4
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